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 psp glossary

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PostSubject: psp glossary   Tue Aug 04, 2009 11:50 pm

i found this glossary on the net it had very good stuff in it and i added some more stuff to help u guyz on anything u need


Atrac3 - An audio codec made by sony that is comparable to mp3.

AVC MP4 (Advanced Video Coding Mpeg-4) - A superior codec that allows
for a better quality video with a smaller file size. Requires at least
Firmware Version 2.00 or higher.

Brick - To render a Playstation Portable unit "useless as a brick" by
corrupting it's firmware. . Bricking can be prevented by avoiding
firmware altering applications such as PSPSet and any homebrew EBOOTS
from untrustworthy sources or flashing themes wrongly. There is no way
to unbrick a PSP(using pandora battery see my guides on it ).

Cache - A temporary storage area in memory or on a disk that holds the
most recently downloaded web pages. If the web page has not changed,
the cached page is displayed immediately.

Cheat Device - A program made by Edison Carter to use cheats in Grand
Theft Auto: Liberty City Stories. It was the first homebrew on 2.01+
and exploit is used as the basis for the eLoader.

Decrypt - To restore information to its original, unprotected state (the reverse of "encrypt").

Digital Signature - Information that is encrypted with an entity
private key and is appended to a message to assure the recipient of the
authenticity and integrity of the message or file.

Downgrade - A way do revert your firmware to an older version.( using pandora's battery ).

DRAM - Stands for Dynamic Random Access Memory, a type of memory used in most personal computers.

EBOOT - An EBOOT file is a compiled program (like a windows .exe),
there are many types such as games, emulators and applications

eLoader - The eLoader is a program written by Fanjita and Ditlew to run hombrew software on Firmwares 2.0 and above.

Emulator - A program that is built to run another systems games. The
program allows the PSP to interpret functions native to the original
system that a game (or ROM) might call.

Encrypt - To encode (scramble) information in such a way that it is
unreadable to all but those individuals possessing the key to the code.

Firmware - The PSP's Operating System (like Windows on a computer).

Firmware Emulation - Running a PSP firmware through software. Basically
making the PSP think that a totally different firmware is actually
being used. It's done by first unloading the current firmware's modules
and then loading their newer versions from the memory stick.

cfw: custom firmware used to run downloaded games (iso) and gives the psp more operating function and capabilities.

Flash - The PSP's flash memory is where all of its firmware files are stored, messing with this can result in a bricked psp.

Flash 0 - The major peice of the PSP's flash. This contains the
firmware and all of the vital parts. If this becomes corrupt, your PSP
is bricked. and this is used to flash ur psp so u get those cool
themnes.

Flash 1 - The part of the PSP's flash that contains the Web Browser's
cookies, settings, wallpapers , and other non vital things.

Flash Dump - A copy of the PSP's flash files. Dumping is the cool word
for copying. It is generally used for firmware emulation or researching
hacks.

GUI - Graphical User Interface.

Homebrew - A general term that describes programs made by enthusiasts in the psp scene.

IDE - Integrated Development Environment. A single program bundling
together many useful things like an editor (for typing out code), a
debugger (for finding errors), and a compiler (for compiling code into
binary). If the IDE is for another platform than the PC, then an
emulator is possibly bundled. The official Sony PSP Dev Kit is a ide.
And yes, it does have a fully functional PSP emulator. It is very very
expensive and has not been leaked.

IRDA - Infrared, used for programs such as the universal remote.

ISO - downloaded games played without umds.

ISO Loader - A program used to load backed up or pirated psp games.

Kernel mode - some memory locations can only be modified by the kernel
itself. It is the "admin" account for your PSP. Kernel mode basically
is the "power" to modify those memory locations. When people say kernel
mode is not available on Firmwares above 1.50, it means you dont have
the power to change the values of those memory locations.

kXploit - An exploit which allows homebrew to be run on 1.5 psps, it involves using 2 folders and edited eboots.

LocationFree - A program included in Firmwares 2.50 and above to stream
video files from your LocationFree Base station to your PSP via WiFi.

Lua - A simple scripting language that has been ported to the psp.

Lua Player - The PSP Application that allows excecution of Lua scripts.

Memory Stick - A storage device analogous to the hard drive in your computer.

MIPS - a kind of a processor. (eg x86 for Pentiums, Cell for ps3, etc.)

MP3 - An audio codec that most music is formated in. It may not be the best but it is the most common.

MP4 - A codec that the psp uses for audio and video.

NAND - Used in memory cards such as the CompactFlash cards. It is also used in Sony PSP for the Firmware.

NAND is best suited to flash devices requiring high capacity data
storage. ps. don't mess with this if you don't know what your doing

Pak - See WAD

PARAM.SFO - Similar to a .ini file, this is the part of an EBOOT.PBP
package which contains the "instructions" for running the code
(DATA.PSP/DATA.PSAR), as well as supplying other information on the
program, such as region and program title.

PBP - the main executable file for the PSP's operating system. Akin to .exe files for Windows.

PMF - Format: A media file format for PSP, it is a proprietary format
of Sony and is not easily created or encoded. Video splash screens (at
PSP startup and when loading a game) are in PMF format.

PMP - A video format that allows full resolution video to be played using PMP homebrew.

Port - A modified version of an application or game that allows it to run on a system that it was not originally designed for.

Portal - A collection of JavaScript games designed to run in the webbrowser.

Root - The root directory refers to the upermost level of a drive. eg X:\ would be the root if your PSP's drive letter was X

PSPVideo9 - GUI for ffmpeg used to convert videos into PSP friendly formats. but i'd recommend :mediaconverter.org

PRX - Files that are stored in the Flash and in UMD games. They contains certain functions (e.g. game-saving or media codecs).

Resolution - A screen resolution of 480x272 means 480 pixels (dots)
horizontally across each of 272 lines, which run vertically from top to
bottom.

Ripkit - A small program that takes extraneous files such as music and
videos out of ISOs in order to make them fit into smaller file sizes.

Rom - A rom is a dump of a game file from a cartridge, eg a SNES game on PSP would be a rom.

SDK - Software Development Kit. Basically a bunch of apps which
together make it easy to develop for a platform. Developing for the PSP
was possible before the PSPSDK came out, but it was a lot more
difficult. After it came out, homebrew came out by the bucketloads.
(Not to be confused with an IDE).

Shareware - Copyrighted software that is available free of charge on a
trial basis, usually with the condition that users pay a fee for
continued use and support.

Shell - A program made to be used instead of the psp's firmware. It is
not its own OS, but rather a program running on top, masking the true
OS.

SIRCS - Sony's own proprietary infrared protocol. Used in most, if not
all Sony TVs and the Playstation 2. It is the native IR format for the
PSP, therefore, making a SIRCS based remote for the PSP is a cakewalk.

Sleep Mode - This is a mode where the PSP is effectivly turned off, but when you turn it back on it resumes from the same spot.

SP MP4 - Simple Profile Mpeg-4. A video filetype that is playable on any firmware PSP.

UMD - Universal Media Disc, a Sony disk format used to store games, music and movies.

USB Cable - The PSP features a Mini B USB port, it allows you to connect your PSP to the computer.

User Mode - Used in the GTA Exploit. It prevents us from using certain
functions (e.g. UMD emulation and irda). No flash access is available
within this mode.

Video RAM (VRAM) - VRAM is a term generally used in computers to describe RAM dedicated to the purpose of displaying graphics.

VSH Mode - The TIFF exploit runs in this mode. This is a combination
between Kernel Mode and User Mode which gives us a few extra functions
like access to the flash.

WEP - A form of encryption used for WiFi.

WMA - Windows Media Audio. The default CD-ripping format in the Windows
Media Player. It is only playable in Firmware Version 2.60.

WAD - A container file. Something like zip files, but for DOOM-series game files.

WiFi - WiFi is a wireless network protocol. It can be used to share files and internet connections.

WPA - A form of encryption used for WiFi. It is more secure than WEP.

XMB - The main menu on the PSP. This is the menu you will get to when you reboot your PSP completly.

darkalex : the psp developer who posts those cfw and homebrew for ur delight he has a website for his downloads : Dark-AleX - PSP Developer

1.5 kernel : the kernel when installed enables you to run hombrew needs firmware 3.71 m33 or higher .

umdgen: program used to convert psp game format either from iso to cso or cso to iso or to eboot etc.


Internet


Questions: Portals?
Answer: They are home pages for you 2.0+ PSPs with Games/Apps, I think the best one is the X5 Portal at http://x5.psp3d.com/

Question: Internet Browser for 1.5? Where? How?
Answer: The best 1.5 browser out now is the Fired Up browser. It is an ISO, so you need UMD Emu to use it.

Question: I can''''t see the SSID !
Answer: SSID broadcasting is turned off. You need to know the SSID, or
if you administrate the router, youu can enabe SSID broadcasting.

Question: What''''s SSID??
Answer: The SSID is the name of the network, or the AP.

Question: I can see the SSID, and the network isn''''t encrypted, but still i can''''t connect!
Answer: Maybe the network is MAC filtrated. That means that only
allowed computers can connect to the network. If the router i yours,
you can add the PSP''''s MAC address to the list.

Question: Where can i find the PSP''''s MAC address?
Answer: Just go to Settings/System Settings/System Information.

Question: What is an access point (AP)?
Answer: An AP is a wireless router connected to the internet.

Question: Is there any way i can see who''''s connected to my network?
Answer: Yes. Just open your browser, and enter the routers IP-address
(usually 192.168.1.1, 192.168.1.254, 192.168.1.0 or something
similar...(look in the manual if you don''''t know)). Then you just
find a button called "Site survey" or something like
that. You will now get a list over connected clients showing the
IP-address, the MAC-address and maybe how long they''''re been
connected.
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